Homemade Organic Fertilizer

Written by Yes-Sun Biotech

Making your own organic plant food is easy and fun. It should be noted that most people understand that the best way to get good garden soil is to compost to amend the soil. Plants fertilizers purchased from the local garden center often contain chemicals that may harm your plants, and are not environmentally friendly. Nearly all organic waste go directly to the trash can or garbage disposal; a practice that is essentially wasteful especially considering that these products can be turned into something really useful: fertilizer.

Organic waste is composed of organic matter which can be used for composting to make fertilizer. It is an effective and eco-friendly way of disposing organic waste in your rubbish bin. By using leftovers and other waste, you can convert these items into a highly organic product rich in nutrients that you can use to grow vegetables or flowers with it. Making your own natural organic homemade fertilizer is both easy, cheap and often uses components you already around your home.

Organic material from leftover food and grass clippings to organic DIY fertilizers made from plant or animal remains

Plant-based fertilizers:

  • Compost
  • Cottonseed meal
  • Soybean
  • Kelp
  • Seaweed
  • Wood ash uses like these
  • Alfalfa meal fertilizer

Animal-based fertilizers:

  • Fish emulsion
  • Fish meal
  • Blood meal
  • Animal manure
  • Bat guano
  • Worm castings
  • Bone meal fertilizer

5 Types of Organic Fertilizer

AdvantagesDisadvantagesMaterialsTimeSmell
Compost Tea Recipe
  • Inexpensive
  • Aids in Producing a Healthier Plant
  • Organic 
  • Easy to Make
  • Inconsistent Products
  • Inconsistent Results
  • Lack of Scientific Proof 
  • Time Consuming
  • 5-galln bucket
  • water
  • porous fabric
  • remaining liquid organic fertilizer
24-48 hoursOdor
Lawn Fertilizer and Weed Fertilizer Recipe
  • Weed Reduction
  • Better Diseases Resistance
  • Improved Overall Growth
  • Protection for the soil
  • Resistance to Pests
  • Uneven, excessive application of herbicides.
  • Granular “weed ‘n feed” chemicals harm the environment.
  • Weed ‘n feed chemicals are easily tracked indoors.
  • There are health risks associated with synthetic herbicides.
  • Long-term lawn health is compromised.
  • 5-gallon bucket
  • Fresh grass clippings
  • water
Short PeriodOdor
Coffee Grounds
  • Enrich the soil
  • Nitrogenate the soil
  • Chase out worms, snails and slugs
  • Feed the earthworms from the compost
  • Liquid fertilizer
  • Will not immediately add nitrogen to the soil
  • Fresh coffee grounds are acidic, used coffee grounds are neutral
  • coffee grounds
  • 5-gallons of water
Three months or longer to fully break downOdor
Manure Recipe
  • Increased soil carbon and reduced atmospheric carbon levels
  • Reduced soil erosion and runoff
  • Reduced nitrate leaching
  • Reduced energy demands for natural gas-intensive nitrogen(N) fertilizers
  • Safe Handling- Fresh manure has microbes in it that may be dangerous
  • Nutrient Variability
  • High Salt Levels- Often animals are fed more salt than they need, and it is excreted
  • Incorporating manure into the soil will reduce the odor, but this is possible only where the soil can be tilled
  • manure of goat, chicken or horse
  • smack, recyclable, permeable cloth bags
Around 6 monthsOdor 
Egg Shells
  • Calcium helps the plants develop a strong cellular structure
  • garden is that larger shell pieces help deter slugs
  • Egg shells don’t dissolve in water
  • Egg shells did not change the soil pH
  • washed eggshell
3 yearsFunky 
AdvantagesDisadvantagesMaterialsTimeSmell
Compost Tea Recipe
  • Inexpensive
  • Aids in Producing a Healthier Plant
  • Organic 
  • Easy to Make
  • Inconsistent Products
  • Inconsistent Results
  • Lack of Scientific Proof 
  • Time Consuming
  • 5-galln bucket
  • water
  • porous fabric
  • remaining liquid organic fertilizer
24-48 hoursOdor
Lawn Fertilizer and Weed Fertilizer Recipe
  • Weed Reduction
  • Better Diseases Resistance
  • Improved Overall Growth
  • Protection for the soil
  • Resistance to Pests
  • Uneven, excessive application of herbicides.
  • Granular “weed ‘n feed” chemicals harm the environment.
  • Weed ‘n feed chemicals are easily tracked indoors.
  • There are health risks associated with synthetic herbicides.
  • Long-term lawn health is compromised.
  • 5-gallon bucket
  • Fresh grass clippings
  • water
Short PeriodOdor
Coffee Grounds
  • Enrich the soil
  • Nitrogenate the soil
  • Chase out worms, snails and slugs
  • Feed the earthworms from the compost
  • Liquid fertilizer
  • Will not immediately add nitrogen to the soil
  • Fresh coffee grounds are acidic, used coffee grounds are neutral
  • coffee grounds
  • 5-gallons of water
Three months or longer to fully break downOdor
Manure Recipe
  • Increased soil carbon and reduced atmospheric carbon levels
  • Reduced soil erosion and runoff
  • Reduced nitrate leaching
  • Reduced energy demands for natural gas-intensive nitrogen(N) fertilizers
  • Safe Handling- Fresh manure has microbes in it that may be dangerous
  • Nutrient Variability
  • High Salt Levels- Often animals are fed more salt than they need, and it is excreted
  • Incorporating manure into the soil will reduce the odor, but this is possible only where the soil can be tilled
  • manure of goat, chicken or horse
  • smack, recyclable, permeable cloth bags
Around 6 monthsOdor 
Egg Shells
  • Calcium helps the plants develop a strong cellular structure
  • garden is that larger shell pieces help deter slugs
  • Egg shells don’t dissolve in water
  • Egg shells did not change the soil pH
  • washed eggshell
3 yearsFunky 

How to Make Organic Fertilizers? 

1. Compost Tea Recipe

For centuries, gardeners have been mixing this simple tea fertilizer to provide nutrient to plants, and it’s easy to make. 

  • Fill a 5 -gallon bucket 1/3 of the way with good quality finished compost from the compost pile.
  • Fill the bucket with water to a few inches from top.
  • Allow the mixture to steep for 3 or 4 days.
  • Stir the mixture often
  • Strain the mixture with a porous fabric and pour the remaining compost in the garden or sent back to the compost pile.
  • Dilute the remaining liquid organic fertilizer to a ratio 10:1 of water to tea.
  • Spray mixture over leaves with a sprayer.

2. Lawn Fertilizer and Weed Fertilizer Recipe

  • Fill 5-gallon bucket with 2/3 parts of fresh grass clippings.
  • Top off with a few inches of water
  • Allow mixture to sit for 3 days at room temperature and stir the mixture at least once a day.
  • Strain the liquid and dilute this liquid fertilizer with equal parts of water.
  • Spray this rich nutrient content mixture over leaves for rapid growth.
  • Like grass fertilizers, weeds are also high in nitrogen. They easily grow below your feet and hence you need not grow them specially.
  • Horsetail, chickweed, Nettles, burdock, comfrey are some examples of weeds which form excellent homemade organic material to compost. The procedure of making an organic homemade plant fertilizer using weeds is exactly the same as grass fertilizer.

3. Natural Plant Fertilizer: Fish Tank Water Recipe

  • Used fish tank water contains excessive nitrogen which is favorable for plants. However, be careful of removing all newborn fish from the water. Also, the contents should not come from a saltwater tank.
  • Apply dirty and untreated water from the fish tank on plants.

4. Make Your Own Fertilizer: Vinegar Recipe

Vinegar has acetic acid that is great for certain plants. You can use this on roses and various other houseplants as well as vegetables in your garden. 

  • Vinegar and acetic acid work very well for plants which love acid. Use as a replacement for rose plant food or houseplant fertilizers. (Always test first)
  • Mix 1-gallon water and 1 tablespoon white vinegar.
  • Apply this mixture to your plants and repeat after every 3 months.

5. DIY Plant Fertilizer: Fireplace Ash Recipe

  • Fireplace ash fertilizer is an excellent source of potassium and calcium carbonate. Use it as a replacement for lime.
  • The soil amendment uses fireplace ash applied to the soil by massaging or working it in or laying fertilizer on the soil bed. This fertilizer should not be use on acid loving plants when the soil is alkaline in nature.

6. Manure Recipe

Manure has been used for centuries as well as for fertilizing and you can use manure from any farm animal that you may have. 

  • Composted manure of goat, chicken or horse and cattle is easily available with people who raise them.
  • Use aged and composted manure for best results.
  • Fill small, recyclable, permeable cloth bags with manure.
  • This manure needs to steep for 3-4 days in a shaded area before it is applied to the soil before planting and the bag can be discarded or buried.

7. Worm Castings

  • Making worm castings or worm tea is very easy. The recipe:
  • Mix a handful of wriggler worms with kitchen scraps or cardboard scraps – aka compost.
  • This mixture should steep for a week and then applied to your soil.

8. Egg Shells

Egg shell are the perfect tools to create healthy and nutritious fertilizer. These leftovers have been shown to improve vegetation growth, increase in fruit size while preventing environmental stress and fruit drop.

  • Wash the eggshells.
  • Crush them and work the crushed pieces into the soil especially near tomato or pepper plants.
  • The calcium in eggs prevents rotting of roots.
  • Eggshells contain calcium carbonate (93%).
  • These can be used as a soil conditioner replacement for lime and work better on saving plants seeds.

9. Cat & Dog Food as Organic Fertilizer

  • Organic dog food can be recycled and used as a fertilizer. It contains proteins and micronutrients to benefit the soil.
  • When you prepare the soil for planting, spread this composted pet food into the soil with water. The food decays naturally in a few days.
  • The food needs to be covered with a cardboard for keeping all animals including your pets from eating the food before it decomposes. For this, the soil needs to be covered with cardboard and then a wet layer of mulch. The wet layer of cardboard and mulch prevents the growth of weeds.
  • The soil should be thoroughly watered for 3 to 4 weeks.
  • Only care that needs to be taken is avoiding pet food which contains chemicals and sodium in high content (more than 3%), because this will be harmful for the plants.
  • Apart from these, molasses, seaweed, alfalfa plants, soybean meal, even human urine can serve as very good organic fertilizers when used for the plants which can benefit from these for a better produce and healthy produce.

Making Your Own Plant Food: Banana Peels & Coffee Grounds

These are two different fertilizers very easy to prepare.

Recipe #1 Banana Peels

You’ve probably heard of using banana peels to help plants grow, they also contain calcium and phosphorous and are perfect for fertilizing flowering plants and fruits tree and plants.

  • Banana peels contain potassium which is essential for plant growth. Roses love potassium.
  • Simply throw the banana skins or peels in a hole before planting or bury the peels under mulch for facilitating them to compost. This helps improve soil fertility resulting in bigger rose blooms. Along with the banana peels use Epsom salt to give roses blooms with more vibrant color.

Recipe #2 Coffee Grounds

Most of us have coffee grounds leftover every day. So, you’ll use those grounds, which by the way are filled with nitrogen and helps to increase the acidity in the soil. 

  • Tomatoes, blueberries and roses benefit from the nitrogen in coffee grounds.
  • Liquid version of the coffee grounds or powder sprinkled on top of the ground helps the plants to grow well.
  • Mix 6 cups of coffee grounds in 5 gallons of water.
  • The mixture should settle down for 3 -4 days before applying to the soil.

Rapid Treatment Technology

Rapid Treatment Technology is very convenient, by adding enzyme and sub-material, the organic waste can be composted, and odor removed rapidly. The end product of Rapid Treatment Technology will turn into high quality organic fertilizer and can be applied to agriculture, forestry, fishery, livestock, industry and living organic waste.

Rapid Treatment Technology may be the key to solve the problem of organic waste recycling for thousands of years. While composting requires long time and big space for natural decomposition by microbial, the Composting-free Technology can speed up the entire process by applying enzyme.

They are 4 types of equipment. Each type and model in the treatment systems are somewhat different to each other. For convenience, different types and models are scientifically designed to treat different type of organic materials.

How do you make your own fertilizer?

There are several homemade fertilizer recipes for you to put on the test. They’re made from ingredients you probably already have on hand, including some things you may be in the habit of throwing away. By using leftovers and other waste, you can convert these items into a highly organic product rich in nutrients that you can use to grow vegetables or flowers with it. Making your own natural organic homemade fertilizer is both easy, cheap and often uses components you already have around your home.

How do you make organic plant food?

Organic material from leftover food and grass clippings to organic DIY fertilizers made from plant or animal remains. Tips and tricks for homemade plant food is that you no need to dilute your homemade plant food. Feed potted houseplants once every three to five weeks. When plants show renewed growth inspiring, increase feedings to once every three weeks. Moreover, pour homemade plant food around the base of the plants, rather than on its foliage. This is the best way for the roots to absorb all the nutrients.

What is the best homemade fertilizer?

1. Coffee Grounds Fertilizer- Which are filled with nitrogen and helps to increase the acidity in the soil. 2. DIY Molasse Fertilizer- Helps your plants to grow big and healthy. 3. Organic Tea Fertilizer- Gardeners have been mixing this simple tea fertilizer to provide nutrients to plants. 4. Seaweed Fertilizer- Seaweed contains mannitol that helps to increase the ability of your plants to absorb the nutrients that are naturally found in soil. 5. Grass Clippings Tea- The grass clippings help to add essential nutrients back into the soil.