When governments and enterprises around the world are taking measures to improve the problem of global warming, people ignore that the emission of greenhouse gases is a negative public asset. The simplest example is that nobody can shoulder fewer responsibilities simply because other people shoulder more and everybody will be a victim; but if some body makes efforts to improve the problem, all of us will benefit from it. Hence, no country and people can be exempted from the responsibility and obligation of environmental protection issues. There is only one earth and all living things in the world, including the 6.5 billion people and other animals & plants, are a living community that co-exist in the same earth environment and depend on each other for survival. The human being and the animals can not live separately from each other and only by promoting mutual cooperation on the global village can the environmental protection work be practicable.
The environment in which we live is now subject to different types of pollution, e.g. the water source pollution such as sewage discharge from the manufacturing industries and poultry cultivation industry etc.; the air pollution from waste discharge of industries, automobile industry, power generation and incineration etc.; the soil pollution like heavy metal pollution of used battery, plating and metalworking industry etc. Even more, our daily foods and beverages are also polluted, for instance, the farm products including vegetables and fruits contain excessive residual pesticides and pigs, chicken, ducks, cattle and sheep are improperly used with antibiotics & hormone etc. When these different key elements of living are threatened and persecuted, shouldn’t we mankind think about what it should be the basic means of living and survival? Whether can we secure advancements and civilization at the expense of environment and whether should we leave the environmental resources of pollution and poisons to our future generations? If these problems are not sufficient to trigger our introspection about environmental protection, it is believed that the counterattack of the Mother Nature against the human being can be expected and formidable.
The promotion of environmental protection involves the inter-relationships among the individuals, enterprises and governments because our environment will be greatly damaged and our living conditions will be endangered, if the individuals ignore & evade the responsibilities, the enterprises lack moral and consciousness and the governments lack public power. Although the principle of “polluter pays and user pays” is known to all, the governments and civil communities are frequently bogged down by the conflicts between the interests and public powers when promoting and stipulating various environmental protection policies.
Actually, the governments around the world may try to carry out the environmental protection work from education, to encourage voluntary participation of all people, to offer training on common senses concerning pollution prevention, to stipulate different pollution fee rates and penalties, to establish national environmental protection bank to enable all people to manage environmental protection, and to assume governments’ responsibilities for supervision and exercise of public powers. And thus make the environmental management of the nation a whole people campaign, and base upon the principle of “fairness and mutual benefit” so that the pollution caused by the enterprises and individuals will not be paid by the government tax revenues collected from all the people. Hence, the problem of distrust among the government, enterprises and individuals due to wrong policies in the past will be easily solved if we can take lessons from past mistakes and experience. And then the environmental protection will no longer be a “dream” in the future.
The performance of the government in environmental protection affects the health and happiness of the people. In the past, the governments put economic indexes in the first place when determining the competition ability of the country and measured it with the growth rate of GDP and GNP. Unfortunately, this economy oriented competition strategy brought economic prosperity and advancements of the country, but the accompanying serious environmental pollution problems caused other problems such as the people to lose physical & mental health, to commit suicide due to unhappiness, increased crime rate as well as various other social problems. To improve this negative social phenomenon, the governments had nothing but only to invest more manpower, material resources and budget funds to solve the problem. The root cause of this pernicious cycle is the indifference of public power of environmental protection by the governments and the people. In the future, when developing the national competition ability strategy, the government of each country may follow to list “Environmental Protection Growth Index” and “Green GDP” as high priority options. Health and happiness of the people are the prime power for national competition ability and it is the blessing of all people to protect the environment and treasure the resources.